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During the first half of the 20th century in Hungary there have been a great number of people suffering from lung tuberculosis. Although effective drugs have not been available until the end of the 1940-s, specific diagnostic and treatment methods became available. Dr. Ferenc Kováts, originally a family physician, gained an exceptionally large experience in these methods after treating many patients and making extended visits to German and French tuberculosis hospitals in the 1930-s. The Medical School of Pázmány Péter University founded a new chair for teaching medical students on phthysiology in 1942. The first chairman was dr. Ferenc Kováts, who became internationally known after he published in German a case of extrinsic allergic alveolitis. He was succeeded by Gusztáv Miskovits (1961-1988), Imre Hutás (1988-1993) and Pál Magyar (1994-2007). In the 1980-s emphesis in patient care shifted from tuberculosis to obstructive airway diseases, later to lung cancer. Currently all forms of acute and chronic lung and chest diseases are diagnosed and treated. In addition to patient care teaching of medical students is going in English and German (in addition to Hungarian) language. The Department is the center of pulmonology Ph.D. studies and the faculty has multifold clinical and research connections with European pulmonology centers.