The human-to-human transmission of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is similar to that of the flu, however there is no vaccine or medication developed yet. Based on the most recent data, the course of the disease mainly ranges from mild respiratory infection to severe pneumonia. 14% of the cases might be severe and 6% of the patients could develop a critical condition. The novel coronavirus can be the most dangerous for people over 65 years of age and those, who have already been suffering from other serious illnesses.
That is why protecting the elderly and preventing the spread of the virus is a common task of the highest priority. Preventing mass infections at a time is of utmost importance because the health care system may become overloaded. It is easy to see, how a less overloaded health care system is more capable of handling seriously ill patients.
It is important to note that some people, who do not develop symptoms can also be contagious. The transmission of the virus from human to human typically occurs by droplet infection or by the direct/indirect contact with infected secretions. It is our mutual responsibility to follow the simple rules that could effectively prevent the spread of the virus.
- Limit your social interactions, stay at home, if possible
- Avoid contact with the elderly and those suffering from chronic diseases in order to prevent infection.
- Wash hands thoroughly and frequently with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds and/or use hand sanitizer
- Disinfect frequently used objects and surfaces (computer’s keyboard, doorhandles, etc.)
- Avoid greetings involving physical contact (handshake, kiss, etc.)
- Do not cough or sneeze into the palm of your hand, but use a disposable tissue instead. Dispose of the used tissue in the rubbish bin.
- Avoid crowds. Keep at least two metres of distance from others.
- Air the room as often as possible.
- Buttons of lifts, gates, door openers and light switches of condominiums should be disinfected.
- Use masks only if you have symptoms of respiratory diseases (eg. coughing, sneezing) to protect others in your environment.
- Seek information from credible and verified sources.
If you suddenly develop symptoms of respiratory infection (high fever, dry cough, shortness of breath) contact your GP via phone who will notify the ambulance in case of emergency. The emergency services will perform a test and take samples. If you do not have severe symptoms but have been found to be infected by the coronavirus, you do not necessarily need hospitalization, you may recover in your home. In this case, you and your household will be quarantined at home. If you feel your condition has deteriorated, contact your GP.
A person is considered recovered if all of the 3 respiratory tract samples taken at least 24 hours apart are negative. The first sample should be collected from the patient at least 7 days after the onset of the symptoms or at least 3 days after the end of the fever.
The specialists of the National Public Health Centre are at your service 24/7 to give information on the coronavirus free of charge on their information line: +36 80 277 455 or +36 80 277 456.