Number of vaccines administered at Semmelweis University - 21. October 2021
406102 Total vaccines

Administrative plan
Pathology / Oral Pahology

According to he students’ feedbacks, the averages of our institute are significantly higher than those of the University averages, confirming that our educational efforts gained a good acceptance. To our surprise, the exam results were far better than in the earlier academic years. It seems that these third-year students are really motivated.

At the education meetings the further tasks have been discussed. Based ont he suggestions, the proportion of the pathology and the oral pathology are slightly modified. Although the institute has introduced the fully digitalized histological slides for many years, we plan to make problem-related digital  demo materials that further enhance the understanding of the pivotal pathological events.

Modification was also introduced in the practices. For many years they consist of autopsy demonstration, histological slide review and prepared 3-dimensional specimens. Since the students attend only 5 autopsy practices, their effectivity is aimed to increase. To achieve this goal, a hibrid, didactical forms are applied. Because in the autopsy room interactive boards are available, the real macroscopical lesions are supplemented with tematical, structured projected demonstrations, displaying the morphological aspects of the most important diseases, plus the classical pathological findings of the given day are collectively demonstrated.

An old problem is, that the pathology textbooks are not primarily designed for dental students, or, the available ones do not follow the European teaching traditions. Fort hat reason, there is a need for a specialized pathology book for dental students. At present, writing such a book is under way, and hopefully, by the end of the year it will be ready. Since the Hungarian students have a specially designed textbook, the parallel English book will result the same material.

Dr. Attila Zalatnai,
Assoc. Prof. Pathology

  • Thesis titles

                     –  Pathology of the medication-related osteonecrosis (MRONJ/BRONJ)

                     –  Pathological prognostic factors of the oral leukoplakias


English Dentistry Pathology Lectures
2021/2022  1st Semester
Arányi Lajos Lecture Hall, 1st floor

Pathology lectures

Pathology Lectures


Sept 7.Zalatnai

General introduction. Place and role of pathology in the medicine. Structure of pathology and methods of investigation. Reversible damages and adaptation tissue reactions.

Sept 9.Zalatnai


Sept 14.Zalatnai

Hypertrophy. Hyperplasia. Metaplasia. Obesity.

Sept 16.Zalatnai

Irreversible tissue damages. Apoptosis. Necrosis I.

Sept 21.Zalatnai

Irreversible tissue damages. Necrosis II.

Sept 23.Kovalszky

Diseases of genetic background. Malformations.

Sept 28.Csernus

Pathology of the inflammation. I.

Sept 30.Csernus

Pathology of the inflammation. II.

Oct 5.Csernus

Pathology of the inflammation. III.

Oct 7.Zalatnai

Regeneration, wound bealing. Stone formations.

Oct 12Zalatnai

Hemorrhages and anemias. Shock.

Oct. 14Nagy

Thrombosis and embolism.

Oct. 19Szállási

Active and passive hyperemias.

Oct. 21Zalatnai

Edema formation and forms.

Oct 26Szepesi

Hypersensitivity reactions and related diseases.

Oct 28Szepesi

Autoimmune diseases.

Nov 2.Zalatnai

Arteriosclerosis and complications

Nov 4.Zalatnai

Pathology of hypertension. Cardiomyopathies.

Nov 9.Zalatnai

Vítium. Cor pulmonale. Infectious endocarditis.

Nov 11.Zalatnai

Classification and morphology of neoplasms.

Nov 16.Zalatnai

Etiology and genetic background of neoplasms.

Nov 18.ZalatnaiGrowth and metastasis of neoplasms.
Nov 23.ZalatnaiDetailed pathology of neoplasms I.
Nov 25.ZalatnaiDetailed pathology of neoplasms II.
Nov 30.ZalatnaiDetailed pathology of neoplasms III.
Dec 2.ZalatnaiPathology of alcoholism
Dec 7.Pápay

Smoking-related pathological disorders

Dec 9.ZalatnaiConsultations/Competition


Exam questions

Exam questions

Pathology - Series APathology - Series B
Types and causes of cell injuryCerebral edemas
Reversible cell injuries. The role of hypoxia. Hemorrhagic infarction of lung
Fatty degenerationHemorrhagic infarction of the small bowel.
Ischemia and free radical injuriesGangrenes
Causes and consequences of necrosisCerebral emollition
Types of coagulative necrosisAcute pancreatitis
ApoptosisPeptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum
Hyperplasia and hypertrophyAcute tubular necrosis
Local and generalized atrophyBisphosphonate necrosis
MetaplasiaFollicular hyperplasia, sinus histiocytosis
CachexiaBenign prostatic hyperplasia
Forms of calcifications. Fat necrosisPathology and causes of the left ventricular hypertrophy
Pathological events in the inflammationsOsteoporosis
Types of the acute inflammation according to the exudateCeliac disease
Fibrinous inflammationsSerous inflammation. Rhinitis, polyarthritis
Streptococcal diseasesSerous inflammation. Vesiculo-bullous inflammation (herpes simplex, varicella-zoster)
Staphylococcal diseasesLobar pneumonia
Actinomycosis formsAppendicitis
Gangrenous and hemorrhagic inflammationsMeningitis, gonorrhea
Forms of granulomasPyelonephritis
Suppurative granulomasInfective endocarditis
Autosomal dominant diseases. Marfan syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndromeChronic gastritis
Autosomal recessive diseases. Cystic fibrosisChronic hepatitis
Autosomal recessive diseases. Lysosomal storage diseasesTuberculosis
Congenital malformations (etiology, forms)Congenital heart diseases
Intrauterine infectionsDysraphias
Primary/secondary wound healing and disturbancesIRDS and complications
AmyloidosisForms of vitium
Bone fracture healingCholelithiasis and complications
Type I hypersensitivity reaction. Urticaria, anaphylactic shock, laryngeal edemaNephrolithiasis
Bronchial asthmaRheumatic fever
Type II hypersensitivity reactionsGlomerulonephritis forms
Hemolytic anemiasSLE
Erythroblastosis fetalisAIDS
Type IV hypersensitivity reaction and related diseasesPulmonary thromboemboli
Autimmune diseasesRight sided heart failure
Transplantation pathologyChronic cor pulmonale
Mechanisms of thrombus production. Arterial thrombiIntracerebral hemorrhages
Mechanisms of thrombus production. Venous thrombiUlcerative colitis
Mechanisms of thrombus production. DICIron deficiency anemia
Consequences of chronic congestionNephrotic syndromes
Mechanisms of bleedingPulmonary edema
Hemorrhagic shockLymphedema
Edema formationAortic dissection
Pathology of shockAcute myocardial infarction
Etiology and morphology of atherosclerosisCervical intrepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer
Consequences of atherosclerosisFibrocystic breast disease
Essential hypertension. Malignant hypertensionBreast cancer
Secondary hypertensionColonic cancer
Ischemic heart diseaseProstatic cancer
Characteristics of benign, malignant neoplasmsPancreatic cancer
Etiologic factors of malignant tumorsCancer of stomach
Genetic alterations in malignant tumorsOsteosarcoma
Growth and metastasis of malignant tumorsLeukemias
Preneoplastic conditionsMultiple myeloma
Malignant tumors of squamous originBrain tumors
Malignant tumors of glandular originAcute lymphoblastic leukemia
Adenomas, cystadenomasNeuroblastoma
Benign soft tissue tumorsWilms tumor
Basal cell carcinoma. TeratomasRetinoblastoma
Malignant soft tissue tumorsSmoking-related diseases
Nevi and melanomaLung cancer
Emphysema, chronic bronchitis
Alcohol-related diseases
Alcoholic liver changes
Liver cirrhosis
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
Chronic pancreatitis



Histology and Specimen practice

The schedule can be found in the following PDF file.

The open digital slides you need to install CaseViewer or Panoramic Viewer.

Installation information can be found in E-learning.

For Windows operation system

For other operating systems


Practice 1 - Adaptation, degeneration, necrosis
Liver, fatty degeneration
Prostatic hyperplasia
Cerebral emollition
Liver, fatty degeneration
Amyloidosis (kidney, liver)
Prostatic hyperplasia
Emphysema of the lung
Emphysema of the lung
Practice 2 - Acute inflammation
Acute bacterial endocarditis
Aortic valve, Subacute bacterial endocarditis
Acute pancreatitis
Fibrinous-purulent pericarditis
Lobar pneumonia, yellow hepatisation
Pulmonary abscess
Practice 3 - Chronic inflammation, lithiasis
Pulmonary tuberculosis (HE, Ziehl-Neelsen)
Chronic gastritis (HE)
Helicobacter pylori gastritis (Giemsa)
Chronic gastric ulcer
Hepatic cirrhosis

Caseation in the lung
cholelitiasis, Urolithiasis
Practice 4 - Circulation
Arterial thrombus
Myocardial infarct, reperfusion
Pulmonary edema
Lung, hemorrhagic infarction
Shock kidney
Cerebral apoplexia
Esophageal varicosity
Femoral artery, thrombosis
Myocardial infarct and its complications
Spleen, anemic infarct
Practice 5 - Benign tumors
Breast, fibroadenoma
Colonic polyp
Skin, nevus pigmentosus
Colonic polyp
Giant nevus
Adrenocortical adenoma
Practice 6 - Malignant tumors I
Skin, squamous cell carcinoma
Skin, basal cell carcinoma
Small cell lung cancer
Kidney, clear cell carcinoma

Skin, squamous cell carcinoma
Skin, malignant melanoma
Lung, central carcinoma
Lung, peripheral carcinoma
Renal cancer
Practice 7 - Malignant tumors II
Cervix, in situ carcinoma
Breast, invasive ductal carcinoma
Cancer of the urinary bladder
Cancer of the corpus uteri
Ovarian cystadenocarcinoma
Breast cancer

Practice 8 - Malignant tumors III
Prostatic adenocarcinoma
Colonic adenocarcinoma
Tumor cells in pleural effusion
Hodgkin lymphoma
Lymph node metastasis

Cerebral metastasis


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