Number of vaccines administered at Semmelweis University - 21. October 2021
406102 Total vaccines

Pathology Lectures English Medicine
2021/2022  1st Semester
General Pathology

Arányi Lajos Lecture Hall, 1st floor

Monday:  10,00 – 11,10
Wednesday:  8,00 -9,10

 

1st semester

1st Semester  
Introduction, Signs of Death, Morphology of Cell and Tissue Injury, Degenerations
06.09
MatolcsyThe place and role of Pathology in the Medicine. Structure of pathology and methods

- Lecture note

08.09MatolcsyDefinition of Death, Signs of Death, Necrosis and Apoptosis.

- Lecture note

13.09Matolcsy Examples of Necrosis. Myocardial Infarction.

- Lecture note

15.09
Matolcsy
Reversible Cell Injury

- Lecture note

Growth disturbances, Abnormal Accumulation,Pigments, Pathologic Calcification
20.09MatolcsyLipid accumulation, Atherosclerosis, Protein accumulation, Amyloidosis.

- Lecture note

22.09MatolcsyCellular adaptations: Hypertrophy, Hyperplasia, Atrophy, Metaplasia

- Lecture note

27.09
MatolcsyEndogeneous and Exogeneous Pigments, Calcification, Lithiasis

- Lecture note

Hemodynamic Disorders, Thrombosis, and Shock
29.09MatolcsyHemorrhage

- Lecture note

- Meningococcus sepsis

04.10MatolcsyThrombosis, Embolism, DIC

- Lecture note

06.10
ZalatnaiStagnation, oedema, shock

- Lecture note

- Lecture

Inflammation
11.10 ScheichAcute Inflammation

- Lecture note

13.10
DezsőChronic Inflammation and Tissue Repair: Regeneration, Healing and Fibrosis

- Lecture note

Genetic and Pediatric Diseases
18.10
BödörNew technologies in molecular diagnostic - Numerical and Structural abnormalities of the Chromosomes.

- Lecture note

20.10
Bödör
Mutations and Clinical manifestations.

- Lecture note

Diseases of the Immune System
25.10MatolcsyMechanisms of Immune-Mediated Injury

- Lecture note

27.10MatolcsyImmune deficency Diseases. Rejection of Transplants

- Lecture note

03.11
MatolcsyAutoimmune Disease

- Lecture note

General Pathology of Infectious Diseases
08.11CsomorPathological consequences of infectious diseases, sepsis, AIDS

- Lecture note

Neoplasia
10.11MatolcsyCharacteristics of Benign and Malignant Neoplasms
15.11MatolcsyCarcinogenesis, Etiology of Neoplasia
17.11BödörPrevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer
22.11
MatolcsyAbility to Invade and Metastasize
24.11MatolcsyPreneoplastic Disorders
Environmental and Nutritional Diseases
29.11RáczEffects of Tobacco. Injury by Drugs and Drugs of Abuse. Effect of alcohol. Obesity.

- Lecture note

Diseases of the heart and the cardiovascular system
01.12MatolcsyAnomalies of cardiac development, ISZB

- Lecture note

06.12MatolcsyDiseases of endocardium, myocardium, pericardium

- Lecture note

08.12.MatolcsyVascular pathology

- Lecture note

2nd semester

 


2nd Semester – Systemic Pathology
2nd Semester  
Hematopathology
Methods of hematology diagnostics. Classification of Anemia

- Lecture note

Diseases of the Myeloid system

- Lecture note

Diseases of the Lymphoid system

- Lecture note

Pathology of the respiratory tract
Lesions of the upper respiratory tract. Pulmonary infections

- Lecture note

Obstructive and Restrictive pulmonary diseases.

- Lecture note

Lung tumors. Pleural lesions.

- Lecture note

Gastrointestinal pathology
Pathology of the oral cavity, salivary gland, oesophagus, stomach and small intestine

- Lecture note

Pathology of the large intestine and the peritoneum

- Lecture note

Pathology of the pancreas. Diabetes mellitus

- Lecture note

Pathology of the kidney and the urinary tract
Malformations. Clinical manifestations of renal disease. Glomerular diseases

- Lecture note

Diseases affecting tubules and interstitium. Diseases involving blood vessels

- Lecture note

Urinary outflow obstruction. Renal tumors. Pathology of the urinary bladder

- Lecture note

Pathology of the liver and biliary tract
Infectious and inflammatory disorders. Hepatic failure. Liver cirrhosis.

- Lecture note

Jaundice and cholestasis Alcohol- drug-induced, metabolic and inherited liver diseases. Tumors of liver. Disorders of the gallbladder and biliary tract

- Lecture note

Pathology of the male genital tract

- Lecture note

Pathology of the female genital tract
Pathology of the female genital tract

- Lecture note

Pathology of the breast and pregnancy

- Lecture note

Pathology of the Endocrine System
Hypophysis, thyroid gland

- Lecture note

Parathyroid gland, adrenals, MEN

- Lecture note

Pathology of musculoskeletal system

- Lecture note

Pathology of the nervous system
Malformations, cerebrovascular diseases, edema, herniation and hydrocephalus

- Lecture note ( Cerebrovascular diseases )

- Lecture note ( Congenital malformations )

- Lecture note ( Intracranial hemorrhage, edema, herniation )

Diseases of myelin, neurodegenerative disorders

- Lecture note ( Neurodegenerative disorders )

- Lecture note ( Primary diseases of myelin )

CNS tumors, infections

- Lecture note ( Infections )

- Lecture note ( CNS tumors )

Pathology of the skin

- Lecture note

Pathology competition discussion, student staff meeting, take home message
Pathology competition discussion, student staff meeting, take home message

Exam questions

Semi-final exam questions: 2 topics (A and B)

1 topic: A/01-A/63 (general pathology) Sign with the letter “A”
1 topic: B/01-B/43 (oncology and cardiology). Sign with the letter “B”
 

 

Final exam questions: 3 topics (A and B and C)

1 topic:
1 topic:
1 topic: 

 

 

 

General pathology exam questions - 1st SemesterSystematic pathology exam questions - 2nd Semester
NECROSIS, APOPTOSIS
A/01. Causes, morphology and mechanism of cell necrosis
A/02. Reperfusion injury
A/03. Mechanisms of apoptosis and its pathological characteristics
A/04. Coagulative necrosis and its organ manifestation
A/05. Colliquative necrosis and its organ manifestation
A/06. Hemorrhagic infarction and its organ manifestation
A/07. Fat, caseous and fibrinoid necrosis and its organ manifestation
A/08. Acute myocardial infarction
A/09. Cerebral infarction
PATHOLOGY OF HEMATOPOETIC AND LYMPHOID SYSTEM
C/1. Diagnostic methods of hematology (biopsy, flow cytometry, histochemical, cytogenetic, molecular diagnosis)
C/2. Anemias of dimished erythropoesis
C/3. Anemia of blodd loss
C/4. Non-neoplastic disorders of myeloid and lymphoid system
C/5. CML and chronic myelofibrosis
C/6. Polycythemia vera, Essential thrombocythaemia
C/7. Disorders that affect the spleen and thymus
C/8. Myelodysplastic syndromes
C/9. Acute myelogenous leukemia
C/10. Precurzor T- and B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
C/11. CLL and hairy cell leukemia
C/12. Multiple myeloma and related plasma cell disorders
C/13. Follicular lymphoma, Mantle cell lymphoma, Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma
C/14. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma
C/15. Mycosis fungoides, peripherial T-cell lymphoma, anaplastic large cell lymphoma
C/16. Hodgkin lymphoma
C/17. Disorders that cause splenomegaly
REVERSIBILE CELL INJURY, PATHOLOGIC ACCUMLATION, PIGMENTS, CALCIFICATION
A/10. Reversible cell injury, types of degeneration and its organ manifestation
A/11. Types of fatty degeneration and its organ manifestation
A/12. Atherosclerosis
A/13. Amyloidosis
A/14. Cystic fibrosis
A/15. Hyaline accumulation and its organ manifestation
A/16. Anthracosis, lipofuscin and hemosidern accumulation
A/17. Pathological changes of skin melanocytes
A/18. Dystrophic calcification and its organ manifestation
A/19. Metastatic calcification and its organ manifestation
A/20. Stone formation; kidney and gallbladder stones
PATHOLOGY OF THE RESPIRATORY TRACT
C/18. Atelectasis and acute respiratory disterss syndrome
C/19. Obstructive lung diseases- bronchial asthma and emphysema
C/20. Obstructive lung diseases- chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis
C/21. Chronic interstitial (restrivtive) lung diseases
C/22. Pulmonary diseases of vascular origin - pulmonary embolism, hemorrhage, and infarction
C/23. Pulmonary hypertension
C/24. Pulmonary infections (except tuberculosis)
C/25. Granulomatous diseases of lung
C/26. Benign and metastatic tumors of lung
C/27. Malignant lung tumors
C/28. Pathology of pleura
C/29. Lesions of the upper respiratory tract
C/30. Tumors of nasal passages, nasopharynx and larynx
CELLULAR ADAPTATION TO STRESS
A/21. Pathomechanism of atrophy and hypertrophy, examples
A/22. Myocardial hypertrophy and its clinical forms
A/23. Pathomechanism of hyperplasia, examples
A/24. Pathomechanism of metaplasia and dysplasia, examples
PATHOLOGY OF THE ORAL CAVITY AND THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
C/31. Pathology of lips, oral cavity and pharynx
C/32. Salivary gland diseases
C/33. Pathology of esophagus
C/34. Gastritis
C/35. Peptic ulcers
C/36. Gastric tumors
C/37. Developmental anomalies and vascular disorders of the GI tract
C/38. Malabsorbtion
C/39. Enterocolitis
C/40. Colonic diverticulosis and bowel obstruction
C/41. Inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis, Chron disease)
C/42. Pathology of the appendix and peritoneum
C/43. Tumors of the Small and Large intestines
HEMODYNAMIC DISORDERS, THROMBOSIS, HEMORRHAGE
A/25. Pathomechanism of cardiac insufficiency
A/26. Congestion and its organ manifestation
A/27. Causes and types of shock
A/28. Causes and types of edema
A/29. Causes and types of thrombosis
A/30. DIC
A/31. Types of emboli
A/32. Types of hemorrhages and their clinical presentation
A/33. Intracranial hemorrhages


PATHOLOGY OF THE LIVER, BILIARY TRACT, AND PANCREAS
C/44. Liver failure
C/45. Cholestatic liver syndromes (PBC, PSC)
C/46. Pathophysiology of Jaundice, defects of bilirubin and bile formation. Cholelithiasis
C/47. Circulatory disorders of liver
C/48. Acute and chronic hepatitis
C/49. Alcohol- and Drug-induced liver disease
C/50. Metabolic and Inherited liver disease
C/51. Liver cirrhosis
C/52. Tumors and tumor-like lesions of liver
C/53. Inflammations and tumors of the biliary tract and gallbladder
C/54. Pancreatitis
C/55. Diabetes mellitus
C/56. Tumors of the exocrine and endocrine pancreas
INFLAMMATION AND REPAIR
A/34. Caracteristics of acute inflammation (cellular events, chemical mediators, systemic effects)
A/35. Morphologic patterns of acute inflammation according to the exudate, organ example
A/36. Chronic inflammation, fibrosis, scarring
A/37. Granulomatous inflammation
A/38. Tissue repair, wound healing
PATHOLOGY OF THE KIDNEY AND ITS COLLECTING SYSTEMS
C/57. End-stages kidney and renal failure
C/58. Developmental abnormalities and Cyctic diseases of the kidney
C/59. Pathogenesis of glomerular diseases
C/60. The Nephritic syndrome
C/61. The Nephrotic syndrome
C/62. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
C/63. Systemic diseases associated glomerular damage
C/64. Vascular diseases of the kidney
C/65. Diabetic nephropathy
C/66. Acute tubular necrosis (ATN)
C/67. Acute and chronic pyelonephritis
C/68. Urolithiasis and urinary outflow obstructions
C/69. Tumors of kidney
C/70. Tumors of the urinary bladder and collecting system
DISEASES OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
A/39. Type I. and Type II. Hypersensitivity reactions and their pathological presentations
A/40. Type III. and Type IV. Hypersensitivity reactions and their pathological presentations
A/41. Rejection of transplants
A/42. Pathomechanism of autoimmume diseases
A/43. Systemic Lupus Erythematodes, Rheumatoid Arthritis
A/44. Sjögren Syndrome, Scleroderma, Polyarteritis Nodosa
A/45. Inherited and Acquired immunodeficiencies
A/46. AIDS
PATHOLOGY OF THE FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM AND BREAST
C/71. Disease of vulva and vagina
C/72. Pathology of cervix
C/73. Endometritis, endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis
C/74. Tumors of the endometrium and myometrium
C/75. Non-neoplastic diseases of the ovary and fallopian tubes
C/76. Ovarian tumors
C/77. Pathology of pregnancy
C/78. Benign epithelial lesions and benign tumors of the breast
C/79. Malignant tumors of the breast
GENETIC DISEASES
A/47. Diagnostics of genetic disorders
A/48. Autosomal dominant disorders
A/49. Familial hypercholesterinemia
A/50. Autosomal recessive and X-linked inheritance disorders
A/51. Cytogenetic disorders caused by chromosomal aberrations
A/52. Single-gene disorders with atypical patterns of inheritance
PATHOLOGY OF THE MALE GENITAL SYSTEM
C/80. Diseaeses of penis, scrotum and funiculus spermaticus
C/81. Inflammatory lesions of testis and epididimys, cryptorchidism and testicular atrophy
C/82. Tumors of testis
C/83. Prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia
C/84. Carcinoma of the prostate
C/85. Sexually transmitted diseases
PEDIATRIC DISEASES
A/53. Pathogeneis of congenital anomalies
A/54. Disorders associated with prematurity (IRDS, NEC, Sudden Infant Death)
A/55. Fetal Hydrops
PATHOLOGY OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
C/86. Hypo- and hyperfunction of the hypothalamic-hypophysial system
C/87. Thyreoiditis, hypo- and hyperfunction of thyreoid gland
C/88. Tumors of thyreoid gland
C/89. Pathology of parathyroid glands
C/90. Hypo- and hyperfunction and tumors of adrenal gland
C/91. Multiple endokrine neoplasia (MEN) and carcinoid syndrome
GENERAL PATHOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
A/56. Transmission and Dissemination of microbes
A/57. How microorganisms case disease
A/58. Techniques for identifying infectious agents
A/59. Sepsis and perinatal infections
PATHOLOGY OF THE MUSCULOSCELETAL SYSTEM
C/92. Congenital diseases of bone
C/93. Acquired diseases of bone development (Osteoporosis, Rachitis, Osteomalacia)
C/94. Osteomyelitis. Paget’s disease
C/95. Tumors and tumor-like lesions of the bone
C/96. Degenerative and inflammatory joint diseases
C/97. Muscular atrophy, dystrophies and myositis
C/98. Myogen differentiated soft tissue tumors
C/99. Fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiated soft tissue tumors
C/100. Tumors of adipose tissue
C/101. Soft tissue tumors of uncertain differentiation
ENVIRONMENTAL DISEASES
A/60. Pathology of smoking-related disorders
A/61. Pathology of alcohol-related disorders
A/62. Pathology of medication-related disorders and pharmaceutical side effects
A/63. Pathomechanism of obesity and its consequences; examples
PATHOLOGY OF THE SKIN
C/102. Blistering skin disorders (Pemphigus, Bullous pemphigoid, Dermatitis herpetiformis)
C/103. Inflammatory skin diseases
C/104. Melanocytic tumors
C/105. Non-melanocytic skin tumors
ONCOLOGY AND CARDIOLOGY TOPICS „B”

Neoplasia
B/01. General caracteristics of neoplasms (benign, malignant tumors)
B/02. Classification of neoplasms on histiolgy basis
B/03. Caracteristics of neoplasms rate growth
B/04. Invasion and metastasis of neoplasms
B/05. Promotion mechanisms of oncogenes and role in carcinogenesis
B/06. Inhibitory mechanisms of tumor suppressor genes and role in carcinogenesis
B/07. EGFR, ABL and BCL2 genes and their roles in tumor development
B/08. RB, p53 and APC genes and their roles in tumor development
B/09. BRCA1, BRCA2 and ATM genes and their roles in tumor development
B/10. DNA repair genes and role in carcinogenesis
B/11. Cytogenetic aberrations and the role of telomer in carcinogenesis
B/12. Epigenectic changes (DNA methylaton, MicroRNAs) and role in carcinogenesis
B/13. Inherited cancer syndromes (autosomal dominant, recessive and familiar)
B/14. Viral and microbal oncogenesis
B/15. Chemical and radiation carcinogenesis
B/16. Tumor antigenes
B/17. Tumor immunity and immune surveillance
B/18. Epidemiology of neoplasms
B/19. Caracteristics and morphology of preneoplastic disorders
B/20. Grading and staging of cancer
B/21. Effects of tumor on host (cancer cachexia, paraneoplastic syndromes)
B/22. Tumors of childhood and their characteristics (neuroblastoma, retinoblastoma, Wilms tumor)
B/23. Pathological, genetic, immunological and molecular diagnostics of tumors
B/24. Tumor therapy (surgical, radiation, chemo, target molecular and immunotherapy)

PATHOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
C/106. Pathology of raised intracranial pressure (Edema, Herniation and Hydrocephalus)
C/107. Congenital malformations of central nervous system
C/108. Cerebrovascular diseases (Hypoxia, Ischemia, Infarction)
C/109. Intracranial haemorrhage
C/110. Degenerative diseases and dementias (Alzheimer, Parkinson, Huntington, ALS)
C/111. Infections of the nervous system (Meningitis, Encephalitis)
C/112. Prions (CJD, vCJD)
C/113. Primary diseases of myelin. Acquired metabolic and toxic disturbances of the brain
C/114. Tumors of central and peripheral nervous system
PATHOLOGY OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
B/25. Left-sided heart failure
B/26. Right-sided heart failure
B/27. Congenital heart diseases
B/28. Myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death
B/29. Angina pectoris, chronic ischemic heart disease
B/30. Hypertensive heart disease
B/31. Rheumatic fever and rheumatic myocarditis
B/32. Degenerative valvular heart disease (calcific aorta stenosis, mitral prolapse)
B/33. Infective endocarditis (acute and subacute)
B/34. Noninfective endocarditis (thrombotic endocarditis, Libman-Sacks endocarditis)
B/35. Valvular disease and their consequences
B/36. Myocarditis and Cardiomyopathies
B/37. Cor pulmonale
B/38. Pericardial disaease
B/39. Arteriolosclerosis
B/40. Aneurysms and Aortic Dissection
B/41. Arteritis and Phlebitis
B/42. Varices, varicosities and disorders of the lymphatic vessles
B/43. Cardiac and Vascular tumors