Factors Associated with Depression Symptoms in the Peruvian Population: Analysis of a National Health Survey
Víctor Juan VERA-PONCEContact / Kontakt / Kapcsolat & Gianella Zulema ZEÑAS-TRUJILLO
EJMH Vol 19, e0017 (2024) 1-10; https://doi.org/10.5708/EJMH.19.2024.0017
Received: 12 April 2023; Accepted: 2 February 2024; Online: 25 March 2024
Section: Research Papers
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Introduction: Worldwide, approximately 280 million people suffer from depression, which results from complex interactions.

Aim: Determining the prevalence of depressive symptoms and their associated factors in the Peruvian Population.

Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study. The odds ratios together with their 95% confidence intervals were calculated. For evaluating the strength of association between the variables of interest, a generalized linear model of the Poisson family was performed with robust variance.

Results: The factors associated with exhibiting symptoms of depression were: the female sex; the age group older than 70 years; the year 2021; being married, cohabiting and being separated; residents in the region of Lima, the rest of the coast, mountains and jungle; possessing a level of higher education; living in a rural area; physical disability; drinking alcoholic beverages; having type 2 diabetes mellitus; having hypertension; medium and high fruit consumption.

Conclusions: All the variables evaluated, except for the wealth index, tobacco consumption, health insurance, and body mass index, were associated with depressive symptoms.


depressive disorder, adult, risk factors, diabetes mellitus, hypertension

Corresponding author

Víctor Juan VERA-PONCE

Technological University of Peru, Lima, Peru




Gianella Zulema ZEÑAS-TRUJILLO

Ricardo Palma University, Lima, Peru


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