Address H-1083 Budapest, Balassa J. u. 6.
Tel.: +(36-1) 210-0330
Fax: +(36-1) 210-1368
Director Professor Dániel Bereczki, M.D., Ph.D., D.Sc.
Background The teaching of neuropsychiatry at Semmelweis University dates back to 1860. The chair of mental diseases was officially founded in 1882 with Professor Károly Laufenauer as its first director. He was succeeded by Ernő Moravcsik, who continued his predecessor’s struggle for an independent department for mental and nervous diseases. This was achieved in 1908, when the beautiful Jugend-style building on Balassa street, designed by Korb and Giergl, was completed. At that time, the building housed the Department of Mental and Nervous Diseases. Succeeding Ernő Moravcsik, Károly Schaffer (a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and a renowned neuropathologist) chaired the Department from 1924 to 1935. He is considered to be the founder of the clinical neurological school in Hungary. The separation of neurology and psychiatry took place in 1976, and now the building accommodates both the Department of Neurology and the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. The building underwent extensive reconstruction between 1984 and 1994.
Profile Cerebrovascular diseases; intensive care; movement disorders; headache and pain syndromes; neuroimmunological diseases; epilepsy; cognitive disorders; neuromuscular disorders; neurogenetic disorders; tumours and clinical neurophysiology. The Department’s clinical, research and teaching activities obtained an ISO 9001 quality assurance certification in 2017.
Education About 500 undergraduate medical students attend the regular one-year course in neurology, which is taught in the fifth year in Hungarian, English and German. In the sixth year, students spend three weeks at the Department before the final exam. Each year, ten to twenty graduate students prepare their doctoral thesis at the Department. The Department is a regional centre for postgraduate training in neurology; there are constantly five to ten residents at the Department preparing for the national board exam. The Department participates in several graduate and postgraduate teaching activities. The Department offers a Ph.D. programme in clinical neurology, including research topics in cerebrovascular diseases, dementias, neurodegenerative disorders, movement disorders, multiple sclerosis, and headache.
Health care The Department has 90 beds, eight of which are specialised for subintensive care and 35 for cerebrovascular diseases. The Department provides inpatient care for close to 3,000 patients per year and sees more than 25,000 outpatients yearly. As one of the oldest stroke centres in Hungary, the Department is responsible for providing thrombolytic treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Outpatient services are specialised according to clinical profiles.
The following facilities help the diagnostic and therapeutic work: clinical chemical laboratory for blood and cerebrospinal fluid examination, Doppler sonography (including transcranial functional Doppler sonography), clinical neurophysiology (electroencephalography, electromyography, transcranial magnetic stimulation, evoked potentials, tremorometry, nystagmography), diagnostic laboratory for movement disorders, neuropathology, and neuropsychology. Physical therapists help the rehabilitation of patients.
The department collaborates with the Institute of Genomic Medicine and Rare Disorders on the diagnosis of genetic disorders. Broad spectum of diagnostic neuroradiological methods are available in the Department of Radiology and the MR Research Centre (3 Tesla MRI scanner) of the University. Neurosurgical background is provided by the National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, which houses the Neurosurgery Department of the University.
Research The main fields of scientific research at the Department include movement disorders, headache, pain syndromes, cognitive disturbances, cerebrovascular disorders, neuropathology and clinical neurophysiology.
In the five-year period between 2012 and 2016, the Department published 147 articles in national and international journals, with a cumulative impact factor of 240.
In this same period, eleven colleagues received their Ph.D. degrees, one colleague obtained her Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences degree and one colleague defended his habilitation theses.