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Topics for the 2nd midterm exam (written-oral examination)

  1. Metabolism of lipids – overview. Absorption of lipids.
  2. Oxidation of fatty acids, ketone bodies.
  3. Synthesis of fatty acids.
  4. Lipoprotein metabolism.
  5. Cholesterol homeostasis: sources of cholesterol in the cell, absorption of dietary cholesterol and inter-organ transport of cholesterol. Disposal of cholesterol and the role of bile acids.
  6. Regulatory mechanisms in cholesterol homeostasis, metabolic receptors and their function in the liver, intestine and blood vessel wall. Biochemistry of atherosclerosis.
  7. Metabolism of amino acids: the fate of the amino group.
  8. Metabolism of amino acid: the fate of the carbon skeleton.
  9. Biosynthesis of nonessential amino acids and other amino acid derivatives.
  10. Fructose intolerance.
  11. McArdle disease.
  12. Signal transduction of insulin.